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Foundation by Isaac Asimov

the coliseum

Today, I will write about something very different from what I usually focus my content on: history, geopolitics and other related material. Today, I will discuss the book Foundation, first published in 1951 by Isaac Asimov.

This book is very relevant, and people who enjoy politics, geopolitics, and culture will find it inspirational for its pertinent cultural and political impacts, which affect our modern-day societies around the globe equally in developed nations.

These topics are the decline and fall of empires, the decay of culture, technological advancement and the belief that the best days of civilisation are behind them.

This attitude is very much in ascendancy within the United States of America and other Western nations, particularly amongst the Anglo-Saxon-speaking peoples.

Foundation by Isaac Asimov

Foundation Book Series

Foundation is a novel by Isaac Asimov, first published in 1951. It was the first volume of his famed Foundation trilogy (1951–53), describing the collapse and rebirth of a vast interstellar empire in the future universe.

This original book trilogy takes heavy inspiration from the 18th-century historian, essayist and member of the British Parliament, Edward Gibbon, author of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire in 1776.

In turn, Isaac Asimov’s Foundation trilogy inspired the creation of the Dune trilogy by Frank Herbert and Star Wars created by George Lucas and set the framework of what we now consider contemporary science fiction.

Isaac Asimov was also part of the golden age of science fiction in the mid-1930s to early 1960s.

What is so fascinating about this trilogy is how it depicts the decay of the Galactic Empire in contrast to the new rising Galactic Empire in the form of the Foundation and the planet Terminus; this has many modern-day and ancient themes, such as why societies choose to fail.

Isaac Asimov’s Foundation series also showed that nations and empires declined because the citizenry stopped believing in the Empire. Due to long-term and systemic decisions happening over centuries, nations fail.

We can see contemporary examples of this happening with China, Germany and the British all feeling the effects of not producing replacement generation and the collapse of national confidence.

Roman Empire Map

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

All civilisations, nation-states, and their institutions eventually collapse or are permanently destroyed and reformed again in different iterations by their successor states or dynasties, especially in places such as China, with its long and bloody history of over 4,000 years.

For the Roman Empire its fall began long before Germanic tribes crippled the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century with the final collapse in 476 A.D.

The event that destroyed the Roman Empire happened after its victory against Carthage in the Third Punic War, also called the Third Carthaginian War (149–146 BCE), the third of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginians.

Empire that resulted in Carthage’s final destruction, its population enslavement, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean.

However, what destroyed the Roman Empire was internal political decay and the inability of its leadership to resolve its problems peacefully and democratically, which started with the murder of Tiberius Gracchus in 133 BCE.

The reason he was killed was due to intending to reform the economic system within the Roman Empire with more and more concentrated within the Roman senatorial classes and also due to Fears of Tiberius’ popularity and his willingness to break political norms led to his death, along with many supporters, in a riot instigated by his enemies.

For people reading this within the United States and many other nations around the globe, you can see clear links between the inability of people to communicate and resolve the issues peacefully and, in the long term, civil wars, murders and the nation’s collapse.

If you are interested in these topics and big ideas, the Foundation series by Isaac Asimov is the book for you; it will leave you pondering many thoughts related to our modern-day society and why Nations fail.

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European Union and Why it Needs to Change

eu flag swaying with the wind

The European Union has its roots in the aftermath of World War II in 1945. Europe had been in a state of pectoral wars since the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 A.D. Since then, different regional powers within Europe have tried to become the leading continental power.

These wars accumulated in three great European wars: the French Revolution from 1793 until 1799 and the Napoleonic wars from 1799 to 1815. World War I was the second great European war from 1914 to 1918, and World War II was the final great war in Europe from 1939 to 1945.

The conflicts in Europe throughout the 19th and 20th century was between France and the rising power of united Germany after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 to 1871, which had the Germans temporarily occupying Paris.

The rise of Germany as the leading power in Europe and the French and the Germans wanting revenge led to two colossus wars, which cost the lives of 16 million people in World War I and over 60 million during World War II.

An atmosphere of reconciliation and peace was on the European agenda to finally end the constant wars and bloodletting within Europe after World War II.

This led to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952.

The reason for this being created was to primarily tie the European economy’s industrial capacity of coal and steel, which is necessary for modern industrial warfare to prevent war again by creating economic interdependency and cooperation.

European Union

The Problem with the European Union

From the words above, I’ve hopefully demonstrated how the European Union has evolved first from the corner steel community in 1952.

Then, the European Economic Community was created in 1957, aiming to foster economic integration among its member states. It was subsequently renamed the European Community upon becoming integrated into the first pillar of the newly formed European Union in 1993.

The European Union (EU), the Organization of European Countries, was formed in 1993 to oversee their economic and political integration. It was created by the Maastricht Treaty and ratified by all members of the European Community (EC), out of which the EU developed.

Ultimately, the European Union was created to create economic unity and prevent wars from ever happening between its members and hopefully avoid any future large-scale wars in Europe, primarily between the members of the EU.

Unfortunately, the European Union’s massive weakness is that the economic power does not have adequate political unity and a united military complex to be a serious international power.

Furthermore, it is not a true federalised union like the United States of America.

If the nation within the EU dislikes a foreign policy or how the economy is being handled, they can veto anything they disagree with.

The fate of the European Union will likely be decided in the coming week; if that doesn’t pique your interest, I’m not sure what will.

For the European Union to be an effective entity within Europe and around the globe. Fundamental reforms will be needed to transform it into a true Federalist union. Still, with 27 members of this union, each polling in the interests of their nations, it is doubtful this will happen.

Turkey’s do not vote for Christmas, and it is very unlikely that politicians in each member state will be willing to limit their powers within their nation and abroad because it is against their interests.